Tuesday, April 5, 2011
Clonning Through DBCA
Cloning is just about creating a copy of production system in to a test or development environment. i.e. Having an exact image of production database in testing environment . Here is one of the easiest way to clone a database . We can clone a database in many different ways .
1.) Clonning using backup of Controlfile
2.) Clonning through DBCA
3.) Clonning using OEM
4.) Clonning using RMAN Backup
Clonning through DBCA is one of the least used way to clone or duplicate an Oracle DB but it is the best one. To promote it I write this post. Let's have a look on the steps .
1.) Open the command prompt and type "DBCA" . On the "Welcome" screen click the "Next" button.
2.) On the "Operations" screen select the "Manage Templates" option and click the "Next" button.
3.) On the "Template Management" screen select the "Create a database template" option and select the "From and existing database (structure as well as data)" sub-option then click the "Next" button.
4.) On the "Source database" screen select the relevant database instance and click the "Next" button.
5.) On the "Template properties" screen enter a suitable name and description for the template, confirm the location for the template files and click the "Next" button.
6.) On the "Location of database related files" screen choose either to maintain the file locations or to convert to OFA structure (recommended) and click the "Finish" button.
7.) On the "Confirmation" screen click the "OK" button.
8.) Wait while the Database Configuration Assistant progress screen gathers information about the source database, backs up the database and creates the template.
9.) Depending upon the size of the database it will take some time. For my 8 Gig database, it took like 8 mins. Now we have a template created and we will use to create our new database.
10.) Click on "Next Operation".
11.) Select "Create a Database" option and click "Next".
12.) In "Select a template from the following list to create a database" - select the template name which you provided in Step 6 and click "Next".
13.) Provide the new Service Name for the new database. The SID will automatically be set to the service name entered above. Click "Next".
14.) Let the "Configure the Database with Enterprise Manager" remain checked and "Use Database Control for Database Management" remain checked. Click "Next".
15.) Provide the sys password and click "Next".
16.) Let the "File System" option remain checked unless you want to use ASM or raw for your new database.
17.) Let the "Use Database File Locations from Template remain checked. This is important. Click "Next".
18.) Let the default values for Flash Recover Area remain as they are and click "Next".
19.) Let the "No Scripts to run" remain checked an click "Next".
20.) You can keep the default values for Memory and Sizing over here or change it as per your need and Click "Next".
21.) You are now at the final screen wherein you can all your configurations and verify that they are correct. Clicking next, DBCA will do all your job and your DB should be up and running in next 15-20 mins.
22.) Finally before logging in to the new DB using EM, check the tnsnames.ora and see an entry is created for the new database else add one. You can add a new listenere too in you listener.ora if you want and the do a "lsnrctl reload" to reload the listeners.
23.) Finally do a tnsping on your new database to check all's fine.
24.) Log in using EM and you should have you DB ready in Open mode.
25.) Note all user accounts besides the system account are locked and expired so you need to unlock them to allow users to connect to the new DB.
26.) The whole process took some 30-35 mins and it was all GUI and no scripts or errors. Seem to be the best way out to duplicate an Oracle 10g database.