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Friday, June 29, 2012
Configure OEM in Oracle 11gR2 on Window
The Oracle Enterprise Manager, (OEM) is the standard monitoring tool for Oracle databases . The OEM allows the DBA to easily manage every aspect of the database, even non-traditional tasks like applying patches and scheduling jobs . Sometimes OEM doesn't work due to some issue and i face such a issues while re-configuring it and follow this method . Let's have a look on this below issue . All the steps are same for window or linux/unix platform . (just change path and variable where required)
C:\>emca -deconfig dbcontrol db -repos drop
STARTED EMCA at Jun 28, 2012 10:52:27 AM
EM Configuration Assistant, Version 126.96.36.199.2 Production
Copyright (c) 2003, 2005, Oracle. All rights reserved.
Enter the following information:
Database SID: orcl
Listener port number: 1521
Password for SYS user:
Password for SYS user: xxxx
Do you wish to continue? [yes(Y)/no(N)]: y
Jun 28, 2012 10:52:53 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfig perform
INFO: This operation is being logged at C:\app\Neerajs\cfgtoollogs\emca\orcl\emca_2012_06_28_10_52_24.log.
Jun 28, 2012 10:52:55 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMDBPreConfig performDeconfiguration
WARNING: EM is not configured for this database. No EM-specific actions can be performed.
Jun 28, 2012 10:52:56 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.ParamsManager checkListenerStatusForDBControl
WARNING: Error initializing SQL connection. SQL operations cannot be performed
Jun 28, 2012 10:52:56 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig invoke
INFO: Dropping the EM repository (this may take a while) ...
Jun 28, 2012 11:03:43 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig invoke
From the above logs, we find two hints i.e, database instance is down and ORA-01031 . We search on meta-link and find some useful information . So, some possible reasons may be :
1.) Database may not be up.
2.) Database is started setting environment variable ORACLE_HOME with trailing '/'. Reset ORACLE_HOME and bounce the database.
3.) Confirm that the database is up. Connect to the database via sql*plus and do:-
C:\>sqlplus sys/xxxx@orcl as sysdba
SQL*Plus: Release 188.8.131.52.0 Production on Thu Jun 28 17:25:00 2012
Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle. All rights reserved.
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 184.108.40.206.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
SQL> select instance_name,status,version from v$instance;
INSTANCE_NAME STATUS VERSION
---------------- ------------ -----------------
orcl OPEN 220.127.116.11.0
4.) Confirm whether the $ORACLE_HOME environmental variable is correct. This involves comparing the current ORACLE_HOME environmental setting, with the one that was set the last time the database was started.
a.) To check the current ORACLE_HOME :-
set ORACLE_HOME (windows)
b.) To check the $ORACLE_HOME which was set at the time when the database was last started .Connect to sqlplus as SYS as SYSDBA and issue the following:-
<Oracle_Home which was set at the time that the database was last started will be returned here>
c.) If the ORACLE_HOME was set wrongly at the time that the database was started (as determined by above steps), then the database will need to be shut down and re-started. To shut the database down, it will be necessary to set the 'wrong' ORACLE_HOME (the one which is returned in the OHM output). After the database has been successfully shut down, then the correct ORACLE_HOME should be set, and the database can be re-started.
5.) Confirm whether it's possible to connect to the database as the SYSDBA user remotely, using sqlplus. As part of the repository creation/drop process, the SYS user needs to be able to connect as SYSDBA . The ORA-01031: insufficient privileges error is returned when the SYS user is unable to connect as SYSDBA. To test this outside of dbconsole, test a sqlplus remote connection (one which connects via a tnsnames.ora alias) as sysdba. eg:-
$ORACLE_HOME/bin>sqlplus sys/<password>@<alias> as sysdba
If the above returns the ora-1031 error, check the following :-
a.) Check whether the REMOTE_LOGIN_PASSWORDFILE initialization parameter is set correctly in the database. For the purposes of configuring dbconsole, it must be set to 'EXCLUSIVE'. This value can be checked by logging into the database via sql*plus and typing "show parameter remote".
Management Repository has been placed in secure mode wherein Enterprise Manager data will be encrypted. The encryption key has been placed in the file: C:/app/neerajs/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/ramtech-199_orcl/sysman/config
/emkey.ora. Please ensure this file is backed up as the encrypted data will become unusable if this file is lost.